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Monumentalism is a visual study of socialist architecture and design. Every photograph on this site was taken by Darmon Richter, a British researcher who has spent the last 10 years exploring Eastern Europe with his camera. To use any of these images, please get in touch.

Read more about this project here; find in-depth essays about many of these locations on The Bohemian Blog; or join one of the tours below to see them for yourself.

Follow on Twitter for site updates.

 
UPCOMING TOURS

Apr 17-29: Yugoslavia sold out
May 5-12: Bulgaria sold out
Aug 25-Sep 4: Bessarabia sold out
Sep 9-15: Ukraine, Chernobyl sold out
Sep 20-26: Ukraine, Chernobyl
Oct 7-19: Yugoslavia sold out

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Latest Uploads
Country Location Name Type
Serbia, Yugoslavia Jabuka, Serbia Stratište Memorial Complex Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Sevan, Armenia Lake Sevan Writers’ Resort Building
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria University of Architecture, Civil Engineering & Geodesy Building
Bulgaria Elena, Bulgaria Gantry Cranes Design
Armenia, Soviet Union Gyumri, Armenia War Memorial Monument
Bulgaria Plovdiv, Bulgaria Hotel Mosaic Public Art
Serbia, Yugoslavia Užice, Serbia Monument to the Victims of the Explosion Monument
Chernobyl, Soviet Union, Ukraine Pripyat, Ukraine Post Office Mural Public Art
Georgia, Soviet Union Gudauri, Georgia Monument to the Treaty of Georgievsk Monument
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Mound of Glory Monument
Croatia, Yugoslavia Podgarić, Croatia Monument to the Revolution of the People of Moslavina Monument
Moldova, Soviet Union Chisinau, Moldova Chisinau State Circus Building
Bulgaria Stara Zagora, Bulgaria Defenders of Stara Zagora Memorial Complex Monument
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria Monument to 1,300 Years of Bulgaria Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Grmeč, Bosnia & Herzegovina Korčanica Memorial Park Monument
Montenegro, Yugoslavia Nikšić, Montenegro House of Revolution Building
Mission Statement
Chernobyl, Soviet Union, Ukraine Chernobyl, Ukraine Wormwood Mural Public Art
Chernobyl, Soviet Union, Ukraine Chernobyl, Ukraine Bus Stop Design
Chernobyl, Soviet Union, Ukraine Chernobyl NPP, Ukraine Bus Stop Building, Design
Soviet Union, Transnistria Tiraspol, Transnistria Tank Monument Monument
Soviet Union, Transnistria Tiraspol, Transnistria Supreme Soviet Lenin Monument Building, Monument
Soviet Union, Transnistria Bendery, Transnistria Monument to Railway Workers Monument
Soviet Union, Transnistria Bendery, Transnistria Memorial to Victims of the Holocaust Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Niš, Serbia Bubanj Memorial Park Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Kragujevac, Serbia Monument to the Murdered Students Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Kosmaj, Serbia Monument to the Kosmaj Partisan Detachment Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia Block 23 Building
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh Monument to the Fallen in the Great Patriotic War Monument
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Berdzor, Nagorno-Karabakh Monument to the Liberators in the Artsakh War Monument
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Veles, North Macedonia Memorial Ossuary Building, Monument
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Tetovo, North Macedonia Residential Blocks Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Macedonian Academy of Sciences & Arts Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Prilep, North Macedonia Victory Monument Monument
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Kavadarci, North Macedonia Memorial Ossuary Monument
Montenegro, Yugoslavia Nikšić, Montenegro Monument to Fallen Soldiers Monument
Montenegro, Yugoslavia Berane, Montenegro Monument to Freedom Monument
Latvia, Soviet Union Salaspils, Latvia Salaspils Memorial Park Monument
Latvia, Soviet Union Daugavpils, Latvia Monument to the Latvian Red Riflemen Monument
Croatia, Yugoslavia Vukovar, Croatia Dudik Memorial Park Monument
Croatia, Yugoslavia Dubrovnik, Croatia OTP Banka Building Building
Georgia, Soviet Union Zugdidi, Georgia Bus Stop Design
Georgia, Soviet Union Tbilisi, Georgia Memorial of Glory Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Poti, Georgia Monument to Grigori Kokaia Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Rukhi, Georgia WWII Memorial Monument
North Korea Pyongyang, North Korea Ryugyong Hotel Building
North Korea Pyongyang, North Korea Arch of Reunification Monument
North Korea Pyongyang, North Korea Public Art Public Art
North Korea Pyongyang, North Korea Monument to Party Founding Monument
North Korea Pyongyang, North Korea Juche Memorial Complex Monument
Russia, Soviet Union Monino, Russia Radar Station Building
Moldova, Soviet Union Chisinau, Moldova Monument to the Fighters for State Soviet Power Monument
Kosovo, Yugoslavia Mitrovica, Kosovo Monument to the Fallen Miners Monument
Czechia Prague, Czechia StB Headquarters Building
Czechia Prague, Czechia Národní Třída Metro Design
Czechia Prague, Czechia Hotel InterContinental Building
Cuba Playa Girón, Cuba Memorial to the Martyrs of Playa Girón Monument
China Qingdao, China Qingdao Observatory Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Lenin Square Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Hotel Belarus Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Hero-City Building Building
Bulgaria Târgovishte, Bulgaria Monument to Khan Krum Monument
Bulgaria Târgovishte, Bulgaria Monument to the Bulgarian-Russian Friendship Monument
Bulgaria Tryavna, Bulgaria Monument to the Dead Partisans Monument
Bulgaria Svishtov, Bulgaria Monument to the Liberation Monument
Bulgaria Maglizh, Bulgaria WWII Memorial Monument
Bulgaria Krân, Bulgaria Monument to Dimitâr Blagoev Monument
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria Monument to the Soviet Army Monument
Bulgaria Silistra, Bulgaria Monument to Dimitâr Donchev Monument
Bulgaria Shumen, Bulgaria Monument to the Red Army Monument
Bulgaria Pleven, Bulgaria Pleven Panorama Building, Monument
Bulgaria Lovech, Bulgaria Monument to the Liberators Monument
Bulgaria Lakatnik, Bulgaria Monument to the September Uprising Monument
Bulgaria Kyustendil, Bulgaria Monument to the Antifascists Monument
Bulgaria Klisura, Bulgaria Monument to Borimechkata Monument
Bulgaria Kavarna, Bulgaria Monument to Prosperity Monument
Bulgaria Dryanovo, Bulgaria Monument to Soviet Cosmonautics Monument
Bulgaria Dobrich, Bulgaria Monument to Khan Asparuh Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Mostar, Bosnia & Herzegovina Mostar Partisan Cemetery Monument
Azerbaijan, Soviet Union Sumqayit, Azerbaijan Monument to Uzeyir Hajibeyov Monument
Azerbaijan, Soviet Union Baku, Azerbaijan Monument to Hazi Aslanov Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Goris, Armenia Gates of Goris Monument
Soviet Union, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Motherland Monument Monument
Soviet Union, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine People’s Friendship Arch Monument
Soviet Union, Transnistria Tiraspol, Transnistria Monument to the First Moldovan Power Plant Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Kadinjača, Serbia Kadinjača Memorial Complex Monument
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Zabux, Nagorno-Karabakh Gates of Artsakh Monument
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh We Are Our Mountains Monument
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh Monument to the Great Patriotic War Monument
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Berdzor, Nagorno-Karabakh Monument to the Fallen Heroes of the Shushi Region Monument
Kosovo, Yugoslavia Pristina, Kosovo Palace of Youth and Sports Building
Kosovo, Yugoslavia Pristina, Kosovo National Library of Kosovo Building
Croatia, Yugoslavia Petrova Gora, Croatia Monument to the Uprising of the People of Kordun and Banija Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Poti, Georgia Monument to the Hero Sailors Monument
Cuba Santa Clara, Cuba Armoured Train Memorial Monument
Cuba Santa Clara, Cuba Che Guevara Mural Public Art
Cuba Santa Clara, Cuba Monument to Che Guevara Monument
Cuba Playa Girón, Cuba Museo Girón Design
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Palace of Sports Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Red Army Art Public Art
Belarus Minsk, Belarus National Library of Belarus Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Cosmonaut Art Public Art
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Residential Blocks Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Academy of Public Administration Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Khatyn, Belarus Khatyn Memorial Complex Monument
Bulgaria Chargan, Bulgaria Monument to the Bulgarian-Soviet Friendship Monument
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria Monument to the Partisans Monument
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria Hotel Rila Building
Bulgaria Kotel, Bulgaria Monument to Tsar Ivaylo Monument
Bulgaria Shumen, Bulgaria Monument to the Founders of the Bulgarian State Monument
Bulgaria Skravena, Bulgaria Mausoleum of Hristo Botev’s Detachment Monument
Bulgaria Plovdiv, Bulgaria Fraternal Barrow Memorial Complex Monument
Bulgaria Pleven, Bulgaria Monument to the Battle of Pleven Monument
Bulgaria Perushtitsa, Bulgaria Monument to the Three Generations Monument
Bulgaria Pazardzhik, Bulgaria Monument to the September Uprising Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Zenica, Bosnia & Herzegovina Monument to the Fallen Partisan Detachment from Zenica Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Mostar, Bosnia & Herzegovina Fountain Design
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Banja Luka, Bosnia & Herzegovina Banj Brdo Memorial Ossuary Monument
Azerbaijan, Soviet Union Sumqayit, Azerbaijan Peace Monument Monument
Azerbaijan, Soviet Union Baku, Azerbaijan Monument to the Victims of the Great Patriotic War Monument
Azerbaijan, Soviet Union Baku, Azerbaijan Monument to Richard Sorge Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Yerevan City Sign Design
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Yerevan Cascade Design
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Residential Blocks Building
Armenia, Soviet Union Yaghdan, Armenia Monument to the Great Patriotic War Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Musaler, Armenia Monument to the Heroic Battle of Musa Dagh Monument
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Pitsunda, Abkhazia Theatre Decoration Public Art
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Pitsunda, Abkhazia The Pearl Divers Monument
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Novy Afon, Abkhazia Cafe Lebed Building
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Gagra, Abkhazia Sana Sanatorium Building
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Gagra, Abkhazia Hotel Chegem Building
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Gagra, Abkhazia Gagarin Shopping Centre Building
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Gagra, Abkhazia Beach Furniture Design
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Pitsunda, Abkhazia Bus Stop Design
Soviet Union, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Institute of Scientific, Technical and Economic Information Building
Chernobyl, Soviet Union, Ukraine Chernobyl NPP, Ukraine Pripyat Town Sign Design
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Sukhum, Abkhazia Monument to Ephraim Ashba Monument
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Sukhum, Abkhazia Amra Pier Building
Nagorno-Karabakh, Soviet Union Sotk Pass, Nagorno-Karabakh Tank Monument Monument
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Administrative Court Building
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Sukhum, Abkhazia Brigantina Mosaic Public Art
Belarus, Soviet Union Brest, Belarus Brest Hero-Fortress Monument
Bulgaria Gurgulyat, Bulgaria Pantheon to the Heroes in the Serbo-Bulgarian War Monument
Bulgaria Dobrich, Bulgaria Monument to the Dead in the Fatherland War Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia Sava Centre Building
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia Western City Gate Building
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia 25th May Museum Building
Latvia, Soviet Union Skrunda-1, Latvia Lenin Mosaic Public Art
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Faculty of Architecture and Construction Building
Bulgaria Varna, Bulgaria Monument to the Bulgarian-Soviet Friendship Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Tjentište, Bosnia & Herzegovina Monument to the Battle of Sutjeska Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Tjentište, Bosnia & Herzegovina Memorial House Building, Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia Hotel Jugoslavija Building
Croatia, Yugoslavia Jasenovac, Croatia Jasenovac Memorial Site Monument
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Cinema Oktyabr Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Cinema Moskva Building
Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria Pedestrian Underpass Building
Croatia, Yugoslavia Sisak, Croatia Monument to the Detachment in Brezovica Forest Monument
Kosovo, Yugoslavia Brezovica, Kosovo Monument to the Šarplaninska Partisan Detachment Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Čačak, Serbia Mausoleum of Struggle and Victory Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Ostra, Serbia Monument to the Brave Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Popina, Serbia Mausoleum to the Fallen Insurgents Against Fascism Monument
Bulgaria Zimnitsa, Bulgaria Shepherd Monument Monument
Bulgaria Buzludzha, Bulgaria Buzludzha Memorial House Building, Monument
Bulgaria Burgas, Bulgaria Pantheon to the Heroes in the Antifascist Struggle Monument
Bulgaria Bezhovo, Bulgaria Monument to Communities Monument
Bulgaria Beklemeto, Bulgaria Arch of Liberty Monument
Bulgaria Batulia, Bulgaria Monument to the Antifascists Monument
Bulgaria Balvan, Bulgaria Monument to the Battle of Balvan Monument
Bulgaria Antonovo, Bulgaria Monument to the Soviet Army Monument
Bulgaria Antonovo, Bulgaria Monument to the Victims in the Antifascist Struggle Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Tbilisi, Georgia Monument to Saint Nino Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Zemo Mleta, Georgia Unknown Monument Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Zestafoni, Georgia Monument to the Factory Founder Monument
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina BHRT Building Building
Albania Tirana, Albania National Historical Museum Building, Public Art
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Minsk Hero-City Obelisk Monument
Serbia, Yugoslavia Užice, Serbia Hotel Zlatibor Building
Montenegro, Yugoslavia Podgorica, Montenegro RTCG Building Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Hydrometeorological Service Building Building
Georgia, Soviet Union Nagomari, Georgia Monument to the Victims of the Georgian Civil War Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Marneuli, Georgia Monument to the Heroes of the Great Patriotic War Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Marabda, Georgia Monument to the Nine Kherkheulidze Brothers Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Kutaisi, Georgia Glory to Labour Monument Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Gori, Georgia Victory Monument Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Gori, Georgia Monument to the Georgian Warrior Heroes Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Chokhatauri, Georgia WWII Memorial Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Chiatura, Georgia WWII Memorial Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Chiatura, Georgia Bus Stop Design
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia Eastern City Gate Building
Croatia, Yugoslavia Zagreb, Croatia Zagrepčanka Building Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Central Registry Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia MRT Building Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Central Skopje Post Office Building
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Nor Arabkir Monument Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Monument of Gratitude Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Armenian Genocide Memorial Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Vanadzor, Armenia Monument to Victims of the Great Patriotic War Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Ujan, Armenia Monument to the Seven Militiamen Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Stepanavan, Armenia Stepan Shahumian Memorial Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Stepanavan, Armenia Monument to Stepan Shahumian Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Sardarapat, Armenia Monument to WWII Victims Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Gyumri, Armenia Monument to Mother Armenia Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Araks, Armenia Sardarapat Heroic Memorial Complex Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Aparan, Armenia Monument to the Heroic Battle in Aparan Monument
Armenia, Soviet Union Alaverdi, Armenia Monument to Artem Mikoyan Monument
Croatia, Yugoslavia Zagreb, Croatia The Rockets Building
Slovenia, Yugoslavia Ljubljana, Slovenia Central Hotel Building
Cuba Havana, Cuba Soviet Embassy Building
Georgia, Soviet Union Tskhvarichamia, Georgia Monument to the Young Pioneers Monument
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Solidarity Public Art
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Saints Cyril and Methodius University Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Kruševo, North Macedonia Makedonium Building, Monument
Georgia, Soviet Union Tbilisi, Georgia The Tiger and the Knight Monument
Montenegro, Yugoslavia Podgorica, Montenegro Morača Sports Centre Building
Serbia, Yugoslavia Belgrade, Serbia SIV-1 Building
North Macedonia, Yugoslavia Skopje, North Macedonia Skopje New Rail Station Building
Soviet Union, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Crematorium Building
Cuba Havana, Cuba Edificio Girón Building
Cuba Havana, Cuba Edificio FOCSA Building
Bulgaria Silistra, Bulgaria Bus Station Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus BelExpo Pavilion Building
Belarus, Soviet Union Minsk, Belarus Island of Tears Memorial Monument
Bulgaria Yoakim Gruevo, Bulgaria Kiosk Design
Bosnia & Herzegovina, Yugoslavia Miljevina, Bosnia & Herzegovina Motel Miljevina Building
Albania Tirana, Albania Pyramid of Tirana Building
Armenia, Soviet Union Gyumri, Armenia Iron Fountain Design
Abkhazia, Soviet Union Novy Afon, Abkhazia Bus Stop Design
Armenia, Soviet Union Yerevan, Armenia Zvartnots Airport Building